Glasnik Sumarskog fakulteta 2005 Volume , Issue 91, Pages: 31-61
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Impact of stereoide fungi on decomposition of oak wood and possibility of its protection

Mirić Milenko

Four stereoide fungi, causers of decay of oak wood, have been investigated as follows: Stereum hirsutum, Chondrostereum purpureum, Stereum rugosum and Xylobolus frustulatus. The field tests have been undertaken in order to determine the influence of the stereoide fungi on the wood of Sessile oak (Quercus petraea) and Austrian oak (Quercus robur). Artificial inoculations with mycelia have been provoked in vital standing trees, as well as in laying trunks. The appearance of dying back symptoms, the rate of mycelia spread through the stem, speed of wound callusing and appearance of fruit bodies or decay symptoms, have been observed. The protection possibility of trunks has been tested as well by using preservatives based on chromo-cupric boron salts, dichlorfluanide and chlorinepyriphos, cupric naphtenates, as well as with antiseptic paste. Microscopically analysis of attacked oak wood has been performed by utilizing of scanning electron (SEM) and standard optical microscope providing normal, fluorescence, polarized and UV light, so that anatomical changes of the wood structure elements influenced by fungal activity have been noted.

Keywords: Stereum hirsutum, Chondrostereum purpureum, Stereum rugosum, Xylobolus frustulatus, Quercus petraea, Quercus robur, wood biodeterioration, wood protection, anatomical changes, structural changes

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