Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2010 Volume 75, Issue 5, Pages: 649-657
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A theoretical study of the mechanism of the addition reaction between carbene and azacyclopropane
Tan Xiaojun, Li Ping, Wang Weihua, Zheng Gengxiu, Wang Qiufen
The mechanism of the addition reaction between carbene and azacyclopropane was investigated using the second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). By using the 6-311+G* basis set, geometry optimization, vibrational analysis and the energy properties of the involved stationary points on the potential energy surface were calculated. From the surface energy profile, it can be predicted that there are two reaction mechanisms. The first one (1) is carbene attack at the N atom of azacyclopropane to form an intermediate, 1a (IM1a), which is a barrierfree exothermic reaction. Then, IM1a can isomerize to IM1b via a transition state 1a (TS1a), in which the potential barrier is 30.0 kJ/mol. Subsequently, IM1b isomerizes to a product (Pro1) via TS1b with a potential barrier of 39.3 kJ/mol. The other one (2) is carbene attack at the C atom of azacyclopropane, firstly to form IM2 via TS2a, the potential barrier is 35.4 kJ/mol. Then IM2 isomerizes to a product (Pro2) via TS2b with a potential barrier of 35.1 kJ/mol. Correspondingly, the reaction energy for the reaction (1) and (2) is -478.3 and -509.9 kJ/mol, respectively. Additionally, the orbital interactions are also discussed for the leading intermediate.
Keywords: Carbene, azacyclopropane, addition reaction
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