Sociologija 2010 Volume 52, Issue 3, Pages: 225-236
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Rousseauist foundations of Schmitt's concept of (total) state
In this paper the author discusses Carl Schmitt's concept of 'the political' (das Politische), and his constitutional teaching (Verfassungslehre). He is trying to explain that the logic of Schmitt's argument against liberal democracy and in favor of populist democracy follows all the important conclusions made by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his Social Contract, with only one exception. Schmitt was, namely, reluctant to accept that the social contract ever occurred in any historical society and he believed that it could not be used even as a methodological tool, because it has no meaning in the very foundations of political community. Rousseau's statements on 'general will', 'people', and immediate democracy Schmitt found more attractive for his purposes of designing the model of total state.
Keywords: Carl Schmitt, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, state, people, constitution, politics, democracy, liberalism, totalitarianism
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