Panoeconomicus 2008 Volume 55, Issue 1, Pages: 69-88
doi:10.2298/PAN0801069L
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The impact of the trade liberalization on the women work: Comparative analyzes between the South Africa and the Ethiopia with an impact of the general equilibrium calculable

Lulit Mitik, Berthomieu Claude

The effects of trade liberalization on female labor depend on a country′s socio-economic and employment sector characteristics. A Gender-aware computable general equilibrium model is applied to Ethiopia and South Africa from a comparative perspective. Tariff reduction results in opposite outcomes regarding gender-based wage and labor market participation inequalities in the two countries due to their structural differences in men′s and women′s employment.

Keywords: South Africa, Ethiopia, gender, trade, CGE models

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