Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA 2004 Volume , Issue 53, Pages: 73-93
Full text ( 445 KB)
Pattern of foreign direct investment in India since 1991
Gill M.S., Sawhney Upinder, Singh Yadvinder
The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms in India have been liberalized in a phased manner since 1991. Foreign investment is now coming into the country not only as a source of new technology, but also as a source of capital and managerial skills. Accordingly actual inflow of FDI in India has increased at a compound annual growth rate of 36.3% between 1991 and 2003. The regional pattern of FDI has been marked by strong variations during this period, with more investment going to states with better infrastructure and more progress in the reform process. The hitherto reserve sectors for public investment like power, oil and telecommunications have attracted considerable FDI after liberalization. In terms of the country-wise approvals of FDI, USA accounts for nearly 20% of the share followed by Mauritius, UK and Japan. FDI has come in the form of joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions and green field investments. There have been certain hindrances in the actual inflow of FDI which need to be overcome in the coming years.
Keywords: India, foreign investments, reform process
More data about this article available through SCIndeks