Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2002 Volume 67, Issue 12, Pages: 819-824
doi:10.2298/JSC0212819T
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Insulin-induced glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) binding to red cell membrane proteins

Tomašević Nenad, Nikolić Milan R., Niketić Vesna P.

In this work GPI binding to membrane proteins from erythrocytes of insulinoma patients for whom prolonged hyperinsulinism and hypoglycemia were characteristic, as well as from normal erythrocytes incubated with supraphysiological concentrations of insulin were analyzed. In the RBCs from insulinoma patients, covalent GPI binding to red cell membrane proteins in the spectrin/ankyrin region, band 4.1 and two proteins of molecular mass of 115 and 110 kD was demonstrated. In erythrocytes incubated with insulin label was associated with band 4.1 and two proteins of molecular mass of 115 and 110 kD. Extraction studies showed that the 100-kD proteins are unrelated to band 3 since they were found in Triton- prepared cytoskeleton. To our knowledge this is the first demonstration of such a modification of red cell skeletal proteins, and the first demonstration of post-translation GPI binding to red cell skeletal proteins in response to insulin. A mechanism proposed for GPI binding to red cell skeletal proteins as well as the relevance of these results for physiological disorders that are characterized by hyperinsulinism are briefly discussed.

Keywords: insulin, GPI, erythrocytes, membranes, hyperinsulinism, hypoglycemia.

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