Genetika 2009 Volume 41, Issue 1, Pages: 41-58
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The prestigious maize inbred lines with erect top leaves: The priority performance of the efficient photosynthetic model in breeding

Radenović Čedomir, Filipović Milomir, Selaković Dragojlo, Sečanski Mile, Babić Vojka, Čamdžija Zoran, Jovanović Snežana, Pavlov Jovan, Stevanović Milan

This study conforms the hypothesis that there are elite maize inbred lines with erect top leaves that have a property of an efficient photosynthetic model and that as such are successfully used in the processes of breeding in which the number of plants is increased per area unit (plant density). This proof was established by the application of non- invasive photosynthetic-fluorescence method suitable for the evaluation of the efficiency of the photosynthetic model. The obtained photosynthetic and fluorescence properties of observed prestigious maize inbred lines with the erect top leaves are based on the effects and the nature of changes in chlorophyll fluorescence occurring in their thylakoid membranes. Their principal parameters are temperature dependence of the chlorophyll delayed fluorescence intensity, the Arrhenius plot for the determination of the phase transition in thylakoid membranes and the estimated activation energies. The displayed results on the size of an angle between the direction of the propagation of the above-ear leaf and the direction of the stalk propagation, as well as, results on the dynamics of grain dry-down during the maturation period, additionally indicate that traits of observed maize inbred lines with erect top leaves are the prominent base for more exact, rational and faster proceeding of current processes of breeding.

Keywords: adaptability, delayed chlorophyll fluorescence, erect top leaves, grain dry-down, inbred line, intact leaf, photosynthetic model, resistance, thylakoid membrane, thermal processes, transport processes

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