Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2002 Volume 67, Issue 4, Pages: 291-300
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The growth of Nd: YAG single crystals
Golubović Aleksandar V., Nikolić Slobodanka N., Gajić Radoš, Đurić Stevan, Valčić Andreja
Y3Al5O12 doped with 0.8%wt.Nd (Nd:YAG) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski technique under an argon atmosphere. The conditions for growing the Nd:YAG single crystals were calculated by using a combination of Reynolds and Grashof numbers. The critical crystal diameter and the critical rate of rotation were calculated from the hydrodynamics of the melt. The crystal diameter Dc=1.5 cm remained constant during the crystal growth while the critical rate of rotation changed from ωc=38 rpm after necking to ωc=13 rpm at the end of the crystal. The value of the rate of crystal growth was experimentally found to be 0.8–1.0 mm/h. According to our previous experiments, it was confirmed that 20 min exposure to conc. H3PO4 at 603 K was suitable for chemical polishing. Also, one-hour exposure to conc. H3PO4 at 493 K was found to be suitable for etching. The lattice parameter a=1.201 (1) nm was determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The obtained results are discussed and compared with published data.
Keywords: Czochralski technique, Nd:YAG, growth, single crystal, etching.