Geoloski anali Balkanskoga poluostrva 2003 Issue 65, Pages: 1-27
doi:10.2298/GABP0301001M
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Lithostratigraphy, depositional history and sea level changes of the Cauvery Basin, southern India

Muthuvairvasamy Ramkumar, Stüben Doris, Berner Zsolt

The sedimentary sequence exposed in the erstwhile Tiruchirapalli district hosts a more or less complete geological record of the Upper Cretaceous-Tertiary period. Systematic field mapping, collation of data on the micro-meso scale lithology, sedimentary structures, petrography, faunal assemblage and facies relationships of these rocks, in the light of modern stratigraphic concepts, helped to enumerate the lithostratigraphic setup and depositional history of the basin. Spatial and temporal variations of the lithologies and revised stratigraphic units are presented in this paper. Many high frequency sea level cycles (presumably fourth or higher order) which stack up to form third order sea level cycles (six in number), which in turn form part of second order cycles (two in number), including seven eustatic sea level peaks, have been recorded in this basin. Trend analysis of sea level curves indicates a gradual increase of the sea level from Barremian to Coniacian and a gradual decrease from Coniacian to Danian. Such lasting sea level trends had their influence on the sedimentation pattern and facies association. It is inferred that depositional bathymetry was maintained at a shallow-moderate level, primarily influenced by a lack of major subsidence during the depositional history of this basin. The study also revealed a prevalent simple basin filling process and dominant control by sea level changes, rather than tectonic movements over the depositional regime.

Keywords: stratigraphic revision, sedimentary environments, sea level cycles, sequence development, CauveryBasin, southern India

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