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Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2011 Volume 76, Issue 8, Pages: 1057-1067
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Thiazolidin-4-one, azetidin-2-one and 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives of isonicotinic acid hydrazide: Synthesis and their biological evaluation

Gilani Sadaf J., Khan Suroor A., Alam Ozair, Singh Vijender, Arora Alka

A series of thiazolidin-4-one (2a-h, 3a-h), azetidin-2-one (4a- h) and 1,3,4-oxadiazole (5a-h) derivatives of isoninicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) were synthesized in order to obtain new compounds with potential anti-inflammatory, analgesic, ulcerogenic and lipid peroxidation activities. The structures of the new compounds were supported by their IR, 1H-NMR and mass spectral data. All compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity by the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test method. Eleven of the new compounds, out of 32, showed very good anti-inflammatory activity in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test, with significant analgesic activity in the tail immersion method together with negligible ulcerogenic action. The compounds, which showed less ulcerogenic action, also showed reduced malondialdehyde content (MDA), which is one of the by-products of lipid peroxidation. The study showed that the compounds inhibited the induction of gastric mucosal lesions and it can be suggested from the results that their protective effects may be related to inhibition of lipid peroxidation in the gastric mucosa.

Keywords: anti-inflammatory activity, analgesic activity, ulcerogenic activity, lipid peroxidation