Archives of Biological Sciences 2011 Volume 63, Issue 3, Pages: 623-634
doi:10.2298/ABS1103623Y
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Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Mg2+ and Mn2+ reduce the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for human serum albumin in vitro

Yang Fan, Wang Jie, Liu Chunxi, Xiaochen Xu, Wenjun Li, Xia Zhihua, Xiao Jianbo

Flavone (Fl), genistein (Gen) and kaempferol (Kol) were studied for their affinities towards human serum albumin (HSA) in the presence and absence of Pb2+,Cu2+,Zn2+,Mg2+ and Mn2+. The fluorescence intensities of HSA decreased with increasing concentration of the three flavonoids. Kaempferol resulted in a blue-shift of the λem of HSA from 336 to 330 nm; flavone showed an obvious red-shift of the λem of HSA from 336 to 342 nm; genistein did not cause an obvious blue-shift or red-shift of the λem of HSA. However, the extents of λem-shifts induced by the flavonoids in the presence of metal ions were much bigger than that in the absence of mental ions. Pb2+,Cu2+,Zn2+,Mg2+ and Mn2+ reduced the quenching constants of the flavonoids for HSA by 14.6% to 60.7% , 28% to 67.9%,3.5% to 59.4%, 23.2% to 63.7% and 14% to 65%, respectively. The affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA decreased about 10.84%, 10.05%and 3.56% in the presence of Pb2+, respectively. Cu2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 14.04%, 5.14%and 8.89%, respectively. Zn2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 3.79%, 0.55% and 3.58%, respectively. Mg2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 16.94%, 2.94%and 7.04%, respectively. Mn2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 14.24%, 3.66% and 4.78%, respectively.

Keywords: flavone, genistein, kaempferol, human serum albumin, Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, Mn2+

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