Hemijska industrija 2004 Volume 58, Issue 11, Pages: 521-525
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Influence of hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose-sodium laurylsulfate interaction on rheological properties of the solution

Šaletić Jelena V., Sovilj Verica J., Petrović Lidija B.

Interactions between the polymers and surfactants in solution have widely been investigated because of their scientific and technological importance. These interactions can be utilized to modify the physicochemical properties of system in many food products, pharmaceutical formulations, personal care products, paints, pesticides, etc. Interaction between nonionic polymer - hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) and anionic surfactant - sodium laurylsulfate (SDS) in solution has been investigated in this paper by rheological measurements. Rheological measurements are performed by rotational viscometer at 20°C and changes of rheological characteristics of HPMC solutions (0.5-1.5%) with increasing SDS concentrations (0-4.0%) were determined. The results of these investigations showed that viscosity of the solution is dependant on HPMC-SDS interaction. At particular SDS concentration viscosity increases, reach maximum and after that decreases until reach constant value. From the viscosity changes the characteristic concentrations of SDS, critical aggregation concentration (cac) and polymer saturation point (psp), were determined. These concentrations are in linear relationships with HPMC concentrations. Rheological properties of the solution are strong influenced by HPMC-SDS interaction and exhibits more or less pronounced pseudoplastic behavior, which changes to Newtonian one after the psp has been reached.

Keywords: hydroxyprophylmethyl cellulose, sodium laurylsulfate, interaction, rheology

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