Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2012 Volume 77, Issue 4, Pages: 453-463
doi:10.2298/JSC110201177B
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Mixed ligand complexes of essential metal ions with L-glutamine and succinic acid in SLS-water mixtures

Bindu Hima Gandham, Rao Nageswara Gollapalli

Speciation of mixed ligand complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) with L-glutamine and succinic acid was studied in varying amounts (0.0-2.5% w/v) of sodium lauryl sulphate in aqueous solutions maintaining an ionic strength of 0.16 mol L-1 (NaCl) at 303.0 K. Titrations were carried out in the presence of different relative concentrations (M : L : X = 1 : 2 : 2, 1 : 4 : 2, 1 : 2 : 4) of metal (M) to L-glutamine (L) to succinic acid (X) with sodium hydroxide. Stability constants of ternary complexes were refined with MINIQUAD75. The best-fit chemical models were selected based on statistical parameters and residual analysis. The species detected were ML2X, MLX, MLXH and MLXH2 for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II). Extra stability of ternary complexes compared to their binary complexes was believed to be due to electrostatic interactions of the side chains of ligands, charge neutralization, chelate effect, stacking interactions and hydrogen bonding. The species distribution with pH at different compositions of SLS and plausible equilibria for the formation of species were also presented.

Keywords: speciation, mixed ligand complexes, L-glutamine, succinic acid, SLS