Vojnosanitetski pregled 2004 Volume 61, Issue 4, Pages: 371-377
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Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in identification and localization of individual coronary lesions
Baškot Branislav, Janković Zoran, Marković Milić, Spaić Rajko
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with technetium-99m tetrofosmin by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), using one-day protocol in the identification and localization of individual stenosed coronary vessels. Sixty-eight patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) were studied. In thirty of them coronary angiography showed significant stenosis (³50%). Nine patients were with one-vessel disease, 11 were with two-vessel disease, and 10 were with three-vessel disease. All the patients were administered two i.v. injections of 99mTc tetrofosmin, one at peak pharmacologic exercise (1-3 min after i.v. administration of dipiridamol 0.56 mg per kg during 4 min) 370 MBq, and the other 740 MBq at rest 3 hrs after the exercise test (acquisition was obtained 15-30 min after injections for both studies). Overall sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy in the identification of individual stenosed coronary vessels were 90%, 86%, and 88%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in each of the individual vascular territories were not significantly different: LAD (96% 64%, and 75%), ACx (73%, 100%, and 94%), RCA (95%, 93%, and 94%). The results of this study demonstrated one-day 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT scintigraphy to be suitable and accurate technique for the identification and localization of individual stenosed coronary vessels, as well as a highly sensitive method in the recognition of one- and multiple-vessel diseases of coronary arteries.
Keywords: myocardial ischemia, coronary disease, tomography, emission-computed, single-photon, technetium
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