Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2003 Volume 68, Issue 8-9, Pages: 677-684
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Sol-gel preparation and electrical behaviour of Ln: YAG (Ln = Ce, Nd, Ho, Er)

Garskaite Edita, Jasaitis Darizus, Kareiva Aivaras

A sol-gel method has been developed to prepare pure yttrium aluminum garnet Y3Al5O12 (YAG), and rare-earth substituted (Ce-Y3Al5O12, Nd-Y3Al5O12 Ho-Y3Al5O12, and Er-Y3Al5O12) samples. The XRD patterns of the polycrystalline powders sintered at 1000 ºC showed the formation of monophasic garnet materials. The micro-structural features in the polycristalline samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy. A homogeneous distribution of rare-earth do pants in the YAG lattice was achieved in all of the cases. Electrical conductivity measurements were also performed on the compacts of sol-gel derived Ln-YAG samples. In contrast to the expected dielectric behavior, the conducting properties of the examined specimens indicate metallic behavior with the resistivity increasing gradually with increasing temperature.

Keywords: sol-gel synthesis, garnet crystals, rare-earth doping, electrical properties.

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