Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2012 Volume 77, Issue 4, Pages: 423-435
doi:10.2298/JSC110621183R
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Phytochemical screening, free radical scavenging, antioxidant activity and phenolic content of Dodonaea viscosa

Riaz Tauheeda, Abbasi Athar Muhammad, Aziz-Ur-Rehman, Shahzadi Tayyaba, Ajaib Muhammad, Khan Mohammed Khalid

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. Methanolic extract of the plant was dissolved in distilled water and partitioned with n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and nbutanol sequentially. Phytochemical screening showed presence of phenolics, flavonoides and cardiac glycosides in large amount in chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fraction. The antioxidant potential of all these fractions and remaining aqueous fraction was evaluated by four methods: 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, total antioxidant activity, Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) assay and ferric thiocyanate assay along with determination of their total phenolics. The results revealed that ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibited highest percent inhibition of DPPH radical as compared to other fractions. It showed 81.14 ± 1.38% inhibition of DPPH radical at a concentration of 60 μg/ml. The IC50 of this fraction was found to be 33.95 ± 0.58 μg/ml, relative to butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), having IC50 of 12.54 ± 0.89 μg/mL. It also showed highest FRAP value (380.53 ± 0.74 μM of trolox equivalents) as well as highest total phenolic contents (208.58 ± 1.83 GAE μg/g) and highest value of inhibition of lipid peroxidation (58.11 ± 1.49% at concentration of 500 μg/ml) as compared to the other studied fractions. The chloroform fraction showed highest total antioxidant activity i.e.1.078 ± 0.59 (eq. to BHT).

Keywords: Dodonaea viscosa Jacq., phytochemical screening, DPPH assay, total antioxidant activity, FRAP value, total phenolics, inhibition of lipid peroxidation