Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 2007 Volume 72, Issue 8-9, Pages: 809-819
doi:10.2298/JSC0709809A
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Derivative spectrophotometric determination of the herbicides picloram and triclopyr in mixtures

Abramović Biljana F., Anderluh Vesna B., Gaál Ferenc F., Šojić Daniela V.

A derivative spectrophotometric method for the determination of the herbicides picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid) and triclopyr (3,5,6-trichloro- 2-pyridyloxyacetic acid) in mixtures was developed in this work. Derivative spectrophotometric determination of the selected herbicides was preceded by investigations concerning the influence of pH, in the pH interval from 1 to 9. At pH 3.2, picloram and triclopyr solutions are stable under daylight for nine months. This pH was used for all subsequent determinations. It was also found that the use of the first derivative of the spectra at 232 nm was optimal for the determination of picloram, while use of the second derivative of the spectra at 211 nm was best suited for the determination of triclopyr. The calibration curves are linear in the concentration range 0.8 - 13 μg cm-3 with correlation coefficients -0.9998 for picloram and 0.9996 for triclopyr. The limit of detection of the developed method is 0.08 μg cm-3 for picloram and 0.03 μg cm-3 for triclopyr. Derivative spectrophotometry was shown to be an appropriate method for the determination of picloram and triclopyr in mixtures and in pesticide formulations, unlike the deconvolution method. .

Keywords: picloram, triclopyr, mixture, derivative spectrometry, zero-crossing method, deconvolution

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