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Thermal Science 2011 Volume 15, Issue suppl. 2, Pages: 221-227
doi:10.2298/TSCI100424001V
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New analytical solution for natural convection of Darcian fluid in porous media prescribed surface heat flux

Ganji Domiry Davood, Sajjadi Hasan

A new analytical method called He's Variational Iteration Method is introduced to be applied to solve nonlinear equations. In this method, general Lagrange multipliers are introduced to construct correction functional for the problems. It is strongly and simply capable of solving a large class of linear or nonlinear differential equations without the tangible restriction of sensitivity to the degree of the nonlinear term and also is very user friend because it reduces the size of calculations besides; its iterations are direct and straightforward. In this paper the powerful method called Variational Iteration Method is used to obtain the solution for a nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations that often appear in boundary layers problems arising in heat and mass transfer which these kinds of the equations contain infinity boundary condition. The boundary layer approximations of fluid flow and heat transfer of vertical full cone embedded in porous media give us the similarity solution for full cone subjected to surface heat flux boundary conditions. The obtained Variational Iteration Method solution in comparison with the numerical ones represents a remarkable accuracy.

Keywords: porous media, Variational Iteration Method (VIM), Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE)