Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 2011 Volume 58, Issue 2, Pages: 31-37
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The preoperative assessment of patients with valvular heart disease as a comorbidity

Marković Dejan, Janković Radmilo, Kovačević-Kostić Nataša, Velinović Miloš, Vraneš Mile, Ivanović Branislava

In patients with valvular heart disease planned for any type of surgery preoperative evaluation and preparation are especially important for a successfull outcome of the surgery. Preoperative preparation and intraoperative treatment of patients with valvular heart disease are different depending on the type of valvular disease: aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation or mitral valve prolapse. In this paper we have outlined the criteria for evaluating the severity of valvular disease, given that the risk in surgery is proportional to the degree of valvular disease. Also, given that the risk in surgery is also directly proportional to the type and extent of non cardiac surgery, it will be presented recommendations for intraoperative monitoring, with the purpose of evaluating patient’s hemodynamic state, as well as recommendations for perioperative treatment of hypotension, tachycardia, and other hemodynamic disturbances. In the paper we will separately discuss bacterial endocarditis profilaxys which can occur after the surgery of patients with valvular disease. Since the patients with valvular disease, and especially the ones with implanted prosthetic valve or heart arrhythmia, are usually on oral anticoagulation therapy, it will be given recommendations for treatment of patients on oral anticoagulation therapy as part of preoperative preparations.

Keywords: valvular herat disease, preoperative assessment, anesthesia, surgery, hemodynamic monitoring

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