Vojnosanitetski pregled 2009 Volume 66, Issue 9, Pages: 729-732
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Juvenile diabetes eye complications and treatment

Dujić Mirjana P., Ignjatović Zora

Background/Aim. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to explore the prognosis of patients with juvenile DM regarding diabetic eye complications, as well as the course of the diabetic eye disease related to the treatment undertaken. Methods. The study series involved 33 patients with juvenile DM during the period 1992-2007. The influence of the following factors on the course of the disease was estimated: age, the age of the disease onset, time when eye complications appeared, treatment modalities. Results. Of the total of 33 diabetics 15 patients were followed for 10 or more years and 18 from 5 to 9 years. At the time of their first visit the mean age was 23.12 ± 6.39 and the mean duration of DM was 17.42 ± 7.42 years. On their first visit, 7 eyes were without any complication. Most of the patients already developed clinical signs of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (41.39%), the signs of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (13.13%) and macula involvement (10.10%). Diabetic cataract was found in 8.8% as well as tractional retinal detachment. Eleven out of 66 eyes were with vitreous hemorrhage. Two patients (5.5%) suffered neovascular glaucoma. There was 1 (2.2%) patient with developed rubeosis iridis and simplex glaucoma. Panretinal photocoagulation was performed in 65% of patients, focal photocoagulation in 15%, 12% patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy and 4% had cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation and peripheral retinal kryopexy. Conclusion. Total vision loss due to eye complications of juvenile DM may be prevented if timely diagnosed with regular check ups and early treatment.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, type I, diabetic retinopathy, therapeutics, laser coagulation, treatment outcome

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