Jugoslovenska medicinska biohemija 2004 Volume 23, Issue 3, Pages: 201-211
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Biochemical markers of cardiac diseases

Panteghini Mauro

This article reviews the current contribution of the determination of biochemical markers to clinical cardiology and discusses some important developments in this field. Biochemical markers play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), as witnessed by the incorporation of cardiac troponins into new international guidelines for patients with ACS and in the redefinition of myocardial infarction. Despite the success of cardiac troponins, there is still a need for development of early markers that can reliably rule out ACS from the emergency room at presentation and detect myocardial ischemia also in the absence of irreversible myocyte injury. Under investigation are two classes of indicators: markers of early injury/ischemia and markers of coronary plaque instability and disruption. Finally, with the characterization of the cardiac natriuretic peptides, Laboratory Medicine is also assuming part in the assessment of cardiac function.

Keywords: biological markers, diagnosis, myocardial infarction, troponin

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