Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo 2003 Volume 131, Issue 11-12, Pages: 432-436
doi:10.2298/SARH0312432M
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Influence of preoperative parametres on survival of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm

Marković Miroslav, Davidović Lazar B., Maksimović Živan V., Kostić Dušan M., Činara Ilijas S., Cvetković Slobodan D., Sinđelić Radomir, Vasić Dragan, Lotina Slobodan L.

Between 1991-2001 total number of 1058 patients was operated at the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases of Serbian Clinical Centre due to abdominal aortic aneurysm. Of this number, 288 patients underwent urgent surgical treatment because of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aim of this retrospective study was to show results of the early outcome of the surgical treatment of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, and to define relevant preopera-tive factors that influenced their survival. There were 83% male and 17% female patients in the study, mean aged 67 years. Intrahospital mortality that included intraoperative and postoperative deaths was 53.7%. Therefore, 46.3% patients survived surgical treatment and were released from hospital. Intraoperative mortality was 13.5%. Statistics showed that the gender and the age did not have any influence on mortality of our patients, as well as their co morbid conditions (p>0.05). Clinical parameters at admission in hospital such as state of consciousness systolic blood pressure, cardiac arrest and diuresis significantly influenced the outcome of treatment, as well as laboratory findings such as levels of hematocrit, hemoglobin, white blood cells, urea and creatinin (p<0.05; p<0.01). Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm still remains one of the most dramatic surgical states with very high mortality reported. We assume that importrant preoperative factors that influence the outcome of surgical treatment can be defined, but there is no single parameter which can certainly predict the lethal outcome after surgery. Also, the presence of co morbid conditions does not significantly influence the outcome of treatment in these patients. Therefore, urgent operation should not be withheld in most of the patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Keywords: abdominal aortic aneurysm, rupture

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