Veterinarski glasnik 2009 Volume 63, Issue 5-6, Pages: 353-358
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Molecular diagnostics of swine infection caused by Mycoplasma suis

Potkonjak Aleksandar, Lako Branko, Milićević Vesna, Savić Božidar, Ivetić Vojin, Jakić-Dimić Dobrila, Stevančević Ognjen, Toholj Bojan

The presence of two types of haemoplasm can be established in the swine population. Pathogenic haemoplasm, named Mycoplasma suis (previously called Eperythrozoon suis) is the cause of swine eperythrozoonosis or swine ichtheroanaemia. The cause of this disease can also infect humans. The disease has spread all over the world. The most frequent form is latent infection of swine caused by M. suis. The disease is clinically manifest following action by the stress factor. The acute course of the disease is characterized by the occurrence of a febrile condition and ichtheroanaemia. The disease is usually diagnosed based on an epizootiological poll, a clinical examination, and a microscopic examination of a blood smear stained most often according to Giemsa. Contemporary methods of molecular biology have been developed, such as PCR, which are more sensitive and specific in making a diagnosis of swine infection caused by M. suis. In these investigations, the presence of M. suis on pig farms in the Republic of Serbia has been determined using the PCR test. .

Keywords: Mycoplasma suis, Eperythrozoon suis, anemia, swine, diagnostics, PCR