Acta veterinaria 2010 Volume 60, Issue 5-6, Pages: 563-572
doi:10.2298/AVB1006563J
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Determination of enrofloxacin in chicken plasma by high performance liquid chromatography for pharmacokinetic studies

Jakubowski P., Jaroszewski J.J., Grabowski T., Markiewicz W., Maslanka T.

A simple rapid liquid chromatography method for determination of enrofloxacin in chicken plasma was developed. Samples were prepared by protein precipitation with acetonitrile/ammonia mixture and dichloroethane extraction. Analytical separation was performed in a gradient grade on a Phenomenex Gemini C18 column and analytes were detected by fluorescence (λex= 300 nm and λem= 448 nm). The acidified mobile phase (pH = 3.8) was a mixture of acetonitrile and 0.05 M acetate buffer. The method was linear in the range 0.2-3.5 μg/mL, limit of detection was 40 ng/mL and limit of quantification was 120 ng/mL. The assay was accurate and precise and the mean recovery of enrofloxacin was 90.07±0.89 %. The suitability of the assay for pharmacokinetic studies was determined by measuring enrofloxacin concentrations in chicken plasma after a single intravenous administration of the drug at a dose of 10 mg/kg. Enrofloxacin concentration decreased from 4.17 μg/mL in 5 min to 0.32 μg/mL 24 hours after drug administration. The obtained results confirmed the suitability of the method for enrofloxacin determination.

Keywords: broiler chicken, enrofloxacin, HPLC, pharmacokinetics, validation

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