Stomatoloski glasnik Srbije 2011 Volume 58, Issue 4, Pages: 216-228
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Comparative analysis of health institutions, personnel and service in private and public health sector in Serbia in 2009

Gajić-Stevanović Milena, Dimitrijević Snežana, Teodorović Nevenka, Živković Slavoljub

Introduction. Collecting data about the structure and function of private health care sector in Serbia and its inclusion in joint health care system is one of the most important issues for making decisions in health care and getting more accurate picture about the possibilities of health care system in Serbia. The aim of this analysis was to compare health institutions, personnel, visits, number of hospital days and morbidity by ICD-10 classification of diseases in public and private health sector in South Backa, Nisava, Toplica and Belgrade district in 2009. Material and Methods. A retrospective comparative analysis was performed using data about private providers of health services obtained from the Institute of Public Health Novi Sad, the Institute of Public Health Nis and the City Institute of Public Health Belgrade. Data about personnel and morbidity in public health sector in Serbia for 2009 was obtained from the Center for Information Technology of the Institute for Public Health of Serbia. Data about public health facilities in South Backa, Nisava, Toplica and Belgrade district in 2009 was obtained from Serbian Chamber of medical institutions. Results. The results showed that health care was provided in Belgrade district in 2009 by total of 1,051 employees in private sector and 31,404 in public sector. We found that public sector had a far wider range of health facilities than private sector, which was mainly due to the number of clinics. In South Backa district private sector had 323 practices, the district of Belgrade 655 and Nisava and Toplica district 173. Seventeen times more visits to households (4,650,423 vs. 267,356) and 111 times greater number of hospital days was provided in public health sector as compared to private health sector (781,083 vs. 7,023) in South Backa district. Conclusion. The conclusion of this analysis was that public health sector has remained the foundation of health care system in Serbia. Private health sector is expanding, but its structure and scope of services is still undervalued as compared to public sector.

Keywords: private health care sector, health care, public health care sector in Serbia