Glasnik Sumarskog fakulteta 2006 Volume , Issue 94, Pages: 231-256
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Diversity of MAPs in some plant communities of Stara Planina
Obratov-Petković Dragica, Popović Ivana, Belanović Snežana, Perović Marko, Košanin Olivera
The high floristic diversity of Stara Planina was the starting base for the research of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in individual forest and meadow communities. The sites Javor and Prelesje, forest community Fagetum moesiacae montanum B. Jov. 1953, pioneer community of birch Betuletum verrucosae s.l. and meadow community Agrostietum vulgaris (capillaris) Pavlović, Z. 1955, were researched as follows: soil types, floristic composition and structure of the community, percentage of MAPs, as well as the selection of species which, according to the predetermined criteria can be recommended for further exploitation. The study shows that the soil of the forest communities is eutric brown, and meadow soils are dystric and eutric humus-siliceous. The percentage of MAPs in the floristic structure of the study sites in forest and meadow communities is 32.35%. The following species can be recommended for the collection and utilisation: Hypericum perforatum L., Asperula odorata L., Dryopteris filix-mas (L) Schott. Urtica dioica L., Euphorbia amygdaloides L., Prunella grandiflora L. Tanacetum vulgare L., Achillea millefolium L., Rumex acetosa L., Campanula glomerata L., Stachys officinalis (L) Trevis., Plantago lanceolata W. et K., Potentilla erecta (L) Rauchel, Chamaespartium sagittale (L) P. Gibbs. Cynanchum vincetoxicum (L) Pers., Euphrasia stricta Host., Fagus moesiaca (Matt) Liebl. and Fragaria vesca L.
Keywords: MAPs, Stara Planina, soil type, exploitation
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