Archive of Oncology 2003 Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages: 219-219
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Pancreatic carcinoma: The contribution of CA 19-9 to the enhancement of diagnostic precision of imaging techniques

Trifunović Jasna, Muzikravić Ljubomir B., Prvulović Mladen, Salma Svetlana, Nikolin Borislava L., Kukić Biljana

Background: Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) are the most important imaging techniques in the diagnostics of pancreatic carcinoma and disease staging; they are also very useful in monitoring and follow-up of treatment efficacy. The problems with imaging diagnostics arise in certain cases of pancreatic focal lesions - for example in the differentiation of focal chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma. Our objectives were the evaluation of US and MR reliability and determination of the importance of oncomarker CA 19-9 in the diagnostics of pancreatic carcinoma. Methods: Our investigation included patients with pancreatic focal mass suspected of malignancy. All patients were examined by ultrasonography, MR, and ultrasound-guided needle biopsy. Cytopathologic examination of the bioptic samples was used to diagnose the disease. Oncomarker CA 19-9 was done in all patients. Results: MR imaging and US examination made possible the correct diagnosis of carcinoma in case of 17 patients; in three patients with focal chronic pancreatitis the diagnosis was false positive. No case of false negative diagnosis was found. The value of oncomarker CA 19-9 was determined and it was clearly positive (over 150 U/ml) in all patients. Conclusion Imaging techniques gave good results in the evaluation of pancreatic pathology. However, when using imaging techniques differential diagnosis between focal chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma seems to be major problem. Correlation of imaging technique and identification of CA 19-9 has an important role in the diagnostics of pancreatic carcinoma. Imaging techniques and identification of oncomarker CA 19-9 are complementary methods in the examination and diagnostics of pancreatic carcinoma and they allow better precision of diagnosis of pancreatic focal lesions.

Keywords: pancreatic neoplasms, diagnostic imaging, tumor markers, biological, CA-19-9 antigen

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